Tuesday, September 9, 2014

A Guide to Basic Cinematography / Filmmaking

 

 A few basic techniques to refer as a guide for your montage coursework. 

00:00 - Opening Credits
00:57 - Shot Types
05:59 - Angles
07:13 - Lenses
09:43 - Movement
11:44 - Conversation
12:25 - Composition
16:27 - Advanced Techniques
19:42 - Colour
21:11 - Lighting


Notes below are taken from HERE 
A. The 7 Basics
Shooting and editing tips for ALL projects;
  1. Rarely do you use the zoom. See Panning and Zooming
  2. When filming make sure all your shots are at least 5 seconds long.
  3. When editing, no clip should be longer than 5 seconds unless someone is talking to the camera.
  4. What ever a person on screen looks at the viewer needs to see immediately or
    soon, depending upon the drama being built
  5. Watch headroom. Try to crop your shots just above the top of the person's head.
  6. Don't center a person in the frame unless you are doing a news report. See Framing a Shot.
  7. Try to use a tripod for all shots or stabilize yourself while shooting. If you don't have one, brace yourself against a wall or pole or rest the camera on a table of chair if possible.
B. Types of Shots :  
There are 8 basic types of basic camera shots.
  1. The Extreme Long Shot
  2. The Long Shot
  3. The Medium Shot
  4. The Medium Close-Up Shot
  5. The Close-Up Shot
  6. The Extreme Close-Up Shot
  7. The Over the Shoulder Shot
  8. The Cross Shot
 C. Framing a Shot (Composition) :
When you shoot a scene, where do you place people and/or important objects? They need to be placed so either attention is directed towards them or they share the scene with something or someone else.
  1. Rule of Thirds
  2. Headroom
  3. Framing
  4. Background

 D. Camera Angles, Panning and Zooming
Camera Angles, Panning and Zooming
A. Camera Angles 
The angle of the camera can have a very strong and direct impact on viewers. The following are 3 examples of camera angles:

1) Low Angle
Placing the camera at a low angle suggests a dominant subject, having power over the viewer. This angle may be used to portray kings or rulers, rock musicians, gun fighters, or majestic architects. DO NOT OVERUSE THIS ANGLE IN ANY ONE PRODUCTION.

2) High Angle
Placing the camera at a high angle suggests a recessive subject, giving the viewer a feeling of power over the subject. This angle may be used to portray a character in despair. DO NOT OVERUSE THIS ANGLE IN ANY ONE PRODUCTION.

3) Straight-On Angle
Placing the camera straight on suggests a neutral relationship between the subject and the viewer. The subject appears to be an equal; a friend; unbiased. This angle may be used for newscasters, or in documentary and educational videos.


B. Panning:

Try NOT to pan when shooting. But, if you must:

- Use it to show a wide panorama that you can't fit into the camera frame such as landscapes and moving objects.
- Make the pan last at least 6-7 seconds but no more.
- Try to start still for 5 seconds, then do the 6-7 second pan, them hold the shot for 5 more seconds.
- Practice panning to get a smooth move or to follow someone or something moving in a smooth manner.Most of the time "cut" to a close-up or long-shot, don't zoom.

C. Zooming:

Zooming in and out is a sign of someone just begriming to use a video camera. Try to NEVER use the zoom for a shot. Can your eyes zoom? No. So zooming is not a natural type of shot. But IF you do zoom, make it meaningful.So why have a zoom? To get closer to something when you can't physically more closer to it.

- Zoom in on something or someone specific to make a point, like a dramatic zoom in to see an expression
of surprise.
- Use zoom to frame up a shot. Use it to frame up the next shot. In other words, shoot a scene, stop
filming, zoom in, and film again.:
- A very slow zoom might work if you need to move closer to a subject who is busy doing something.

Tuesday, September 2, 2014

Montage

DEFINITION
Montage is the process or technique of selecting, editing, andpiecing together separate sections of film or video to form a continuous whole.  (Download montage notes here)  Eisenstein spent a lot of time thinking about the uses and implications of montage. Let’s have a look at his five kinds of montage.

METRIC MONTAGE:
Metric Montage is when every shot is the same length and what happens within the shot, does not dictate its duration. 


TONAL MONTAGE
Tonal montage is a collection of shots and images that create a mood or feeling. The numbers give an indication that the length of shot does not dictate the editing (unlike metric).

RHYTHMIC MONTAGE :
is a special variant of metric montage. In this category the length of the shot depends of the content. The content determines the length. The lengths is flexible.



OVERTONAL MONTAGE : 
It is the furthest development of tonal montage. We can say that it is accumulation of all categories of montage. All stimulants in the shot.



INTELECTUAL MONTAGE : 
As a highest category of montage he established Intellectual Montage as a montage of overtones of an intellectual order. It is about conflict between intellectual effects. Combination of shots give us an abstract image and there is no need to explain it. Watch video here

Some ideas for flea market montage.  Please observe the shooting style and camera angle used in these videos.
1. Flea Mini Market Mini Documentary
1. Kolaportid Flea Market Montage
2. Malay Oriented Pasar Malam
3. Sunday Flea Market, Melaka
4. A Visit To Paris Flea Market 
5. Paris Day 3

Some ideas for those who choose the first title of multimedia montage for pantun "Pulau Pandan Jauh Ke Tengah".
1. Video That Will Change Your Life
2. Life Vest Inside - Kindness Boomerang - "One Day"
3. Gift

Here are two great example of Cinematic Techniques that may inspire your shooting techniques.  Have fun.
1. Top 20 Amazing Cinematic Techniques Part 1


 2. Top 20 Amazing Cinematic Techniques Part 2



Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Multimedia Elements Extra Notes

Please download extra notes on each multimedia elements from link given below.

1. TEXT
2. AUDIO
3. IMAGE
4. ANIMATION
5. VIDEO


Friday, July 4, 2014

All Out On Multimedia Coursework

 The students of semester 1 of 2014/2015 session began their coursework development on the last week of June.  Topics given by the MPM this year ensuring the multimedia website and montage created by them will be of their own production in each elements of multimedia.  I could not wait to see their result.  Happy Multimedia...!



Pertandingan Blog & Kurasi Kandungan Pendidikan Peringkat Kebangsaan 2014

 Peluang untuk memenangi tablet kepada semua adik-adik dan para pelajar.  Sertailah Pertandingan Blog & Kurasi Kandungan Pendidikan Peringkat Kebangsaan 2014.




Bermula dari tahun 2008, Pusat ICT UPSI telah menganjurkan  pertandingan educational blogging yang telah menjadi acara tahunan bagi menggalakkan perkembangan blogging di Malaysia dalam konteks pendidikan. Pada tahun ini, Pusat ICT UPSI dengan sukacitanya ingin memaklumkan satu nafas baharu dalam pertandingan ini yang sekarang di jenamakan sebagai EDU2014.

EDU2014 adalah satu platform untuk menggalakkan perkongsian kandungan dan maklumat yang berkaitan dengan pendidikan. EDU2014 pada tahun ini adalah anjuran bersama UPSI, Digital Malaysia dan Joota.  Secara khusus, ia adalah anjuran Pertandingan Blog dan Kurasi Kandungan Peringkat Kebangsaan. Sila layari http://ict.upsi.edu.my/index.php/edu2014 untuk keterangan lanjut dan pendaftaran.

Dengan penjenamaan baru EDU2014, pertandingan tahun ini akan dibahagikan kepada 2 kategori iaitu, Kategori Blog dan Kategori Joota Edu(Kurasi Kandungan).  Kami amat berbangga kerana ini adalah kali pertama di Malaysia satu pertandingan Kurasi Kandungan di adakan. Konsep Kurasi kandungan adalah satu konsep yang menjadi topik hangat di Amerika Syarikat dan kita mahu rakyat Malaysia tidak ketinggalan dalam gelombang ini, terutama sekali aplikasinya dalam pendidikan. Untuk maklumat lanjut mengenai Kurasi Kandungan sila ke http://www.joota.com/jootaedu


Tarikh Tutup Pertandingan


Skop Pertandingan

  • Pertandingan ini terbuka kepada semua warganegara Malaysia berdasarkan kategori pertandingan.
  • Blog/ deck yang dipertandingkan perlu mempunyai kandungan berbentuk ilmiah dan berasaskan pendidikan.


Syarat-syarat penyertaan
  1. Blog/laman Joota yang hendak dipertandingkan mestilah boleh dicapai melalui Internet pada bila-bila masa.
  2. Para peserta adalah bebas untuk menggunakan kreativiti sendiri termasuklah mendapatkan khidmat nasihat daripada para pakar di seluruh dunia.
  3. Kandungan dalam blog/laman Joota mestilah bebas daripada malicious code, virus, pornografi, perkauman, kebencian, bahan yang diharamkan, politik atau isi kandungan yang menyalahi undang-undang Malaysia.
  4. Sebarang plagiarism yang terlibat dalam pembangunan blog/laman Joota adalah tanggungjawab peserta.
  5. Pihak penganjur tidak akan bertanggungjawab terhadap   sebarang pencerobohan intelektual atau hak cipta   sekiranya peserta melanggar peraturan di atas.
  6. Pihak penganjur berhak menolak mana-mana penyertaan tanpa memberi sebarang sebab.
  7. Keputusan pengadil adalah muktamad dan sebarang bantahan tidak akan dilayan.
  8. Pihak penganjur berhak meminda mana-mana syarat dan peraturan sekiranya perlu tanpa memaklumkannya kepada para peserta.
  9. Pihak penganjur berhak meminda hadiah kepada nilai yang setara tanpa perlu mendapat persetujuan para peserta.
  10. Pemenang atau wakil dimestikan hadir untuk mengambil hadiah pada hari penyampaian   hadiah, jika tidak secara automatik hadiah tersebut akan dibatalkan.


Kriteria Penilaian
Kandungan
  • Perkongsian ilmu / maklumat mengikut kategori berunsurkan pendidikan
  • Kesahihan maklumat
Rekabentuk
  • Kreatif
  • Penggunaan elemen Multimedia (Video, Animasi, Audio)
  • Interaktif/dinamik
  • Mesra Pengguna
  • Rangkaian Sosial
Nilai Tambah
  • Fungsi/aplikasi tambahan yang berfaedah kepada pengguna.
  • Maklumat tambahan yang berfaedah kepada pengguna
  • Pautan ke laman web yang berkaitan
  • Kolaborasi dengan komuniti
  • Joota adalah platform pengurusan kandungan di dalam Awan Internet. Ia membolehkan pengguna untuk menyusun kandungan, berkongsi dan   membina kumpulan sosial berteraskan pelbagai jenis kandungan dan maklumat.
Untuk maklumat lanjut sila layari SINI

Saturday, May 17, 2014

Good Luck in Your Examination

Good luck and I wish all my ICT958 DPM's students the best in your STPM Semester 2 Examination next week.  Be calm and give all out.  May God bless us.


Thursday, May 15, 2014

Pra Universiti SMK Limbanak

Pendaftaran Tingkatan 6 dan Minggu Orientasi telah selamat dijalankan di SMK Limbanak.  Semua Guru Tingkatan 6 di SMK Datuk Peter Mojuntin dan SMK Bahang akan berpindah ke SMK Limbanak sepenuhnya pada tahun 2015 semasa memulakan Semester Kedua untuk para pelajar Sesi 2014/2015.  Sebahagian guru akan memulakan PdP Semester Pertama Tingkatan 6 Rendah di SMK Limbanak secara fleksibel dengan sekolah asal dimana tingkatan 6 Atas sesi 2013/2014 masih meneruskan pengajian masing-masing sehingga hujung tahun ini.  Proses Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran akan bermula pada 19 Mei 2014.

Subjek ICT telah ditawarkan di SMK Limbanak dengan pilihan pakej (mengikut pilihan pelajar) seperti berikut :
1. ICT, Matematik (T), Kimia
2. ICT, Seni Visual, Geografi
3. ICT, Matematik (M), Ekonomi
4. ICT, Ekonomi, Geografi


Selamat Meneruskan Perjuangan...!